The difference between Mooring, Docking and Berthing

 

The more you sail the better you become at it and this also applies to the knowledge you manage to acquire in the field. Expert sailors have a language of their own and it takes quite a long time to master it. Nonetheless, there are a few basic terms any novice should get acquainted with. Three of them are the object of this post. So, read on and discover the difference between mooring, docking, and berthing.

Mooring

Mooring is one of the buzzwords you will have to get used to if you want to become a sailor. The process of mooring a vessel implies securing it to a fixed-point with the help of ropes or lines. By mooring, you basically make sure your boat is secured on a single point which, in its turn, is attached to the seafloor. This single point is called a marina mooring and it consists of an anchor, a float and a rode. By getting a mooring reservation, your boat will practically be anchored on the water.

Also, it’s useful to remember that there is a particular type of mooring which is known as the Mediterranean mooring. This implies that the boat is secured to the anchor in a manner that resembles the berthing technique. With this method your boat’s stern will be oriented towards a dock. The boat basically moves in reverse until it reaches the dock. Although it resembles a berthing maneuver, the point which keeps the vessel secured is not the dock, but an anchor, therefore, it is a mooring technique. As its name suggests, this technique is popular in Mediterranean marinas, more precisely those located in Europe where, due to lack of space, many boats need to be anchored to the same pier, occupying the space allocated to their width.

Docking and Berthing

Docking and mooring are often confused as they coincide up to a certain point. By docking your boat, you practically sail until you reach a fixed structure that allows you to get out on the land. This structure is called a dock and your boat is fastened to it.

Berthing means placing your vessel in the fixed location known as a berth. To make it easier to understand, imagine that the berth is basically your boat’s parking place. Berthing refers to the whole process of maneuvering your boat until it is secured in the fixed position in its berth. Therefore, we can say that berthing your boat means parking it in a designated area.

A mooring reservation is different from a marina reservation as the latter enables you to disembark directly, while the first doesn’t grant access to the shore.

Docking and Mooring Equipment

Both docking and mooring require typical equipment, let’s see what you need for each one of them so that you know what you should bring aboard on every occasion.

Marina moorings require you to have the following 3 essential components:

  • anchor – it uses its heavy weight to keep the boat in a fixed position on the seafloor
  • mooring chain – it connects the anchor to the floating buoy
  • mooring buoy – the floating device connected to the anchor used to mark the place where the boat is moored

mooring

Docking also makes it necessary to equip your boat with the minimum gear which consists of

  • fenders: these devices vary in size depending on each boat which they protect by acting as a buffer between the boat and the dock or other surrounding vessels
  • lines: these are the ropes that help you fasten your boat to the shore

docking equipment

Other pieces of equipment such as dock steps, whips, hooks or other accessories are also a good addition aboard, especially if your boat spends a lot of time tied to the shore.

 

These are the essentials of docking vs mooring, but much more can be said, so stay tuned to learn useful things about your passion for boats. And don’t forget that we’re always here to help you plan your next sailing vacation by providing you fast and easy marina online booking!