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Kos is unquestionably a standout amongst the well known Dodecanese Islands and the 3rd biggest island from this cluster. With ravishing villages, medieval settlements and old landmarks, not to mention countless inns, restaurants and bars, this island stuns guests with its cultural, historical and religious diversity. Located merely 4 km from the coast of Bodrum, Turkey, and the ancient region of Caria, this historic island has been mentioned in Homer’s Illiad, a contingent from Kos having fought for the Greeks in the Trojan War. Furthermore, in Roman mythology, the island is believed to have been visited by Hercules.
Upon your visit to the island of Kos do not forget to indulge in local thyme honey, Posa cheese, which is stored in red wine for extra flavor and color, Kanellada, a local beverage, baklava, tomato sweet usually stuffed with almond, as well as ceramics and handmade jewelry.
Asklipieio, one of the most important archeological monuments in Greece is found on the island of Kos. Founded in the 4th century BC, in the slopes of a low hill, overlooking the shores of Asia Minor, it served as a place of leisure and treatments. This historical landmark is linked to the work of the founder of Medical Science: Hippocrates. Here, he is believed to have established the Medical School of Kos, where he and his students were treating any known illness with traditional methods. Their symbol, which is also the symbol of Medicine, is the snake, since this animal has the ability to trace therapeutic plants.
The riches found in Casa Romana, yet another impressive landmark in this region, demonstrates that in Kos there was a great middle and upper social class that craved to show its influence, status and style through the design of their living arrangements. The perennial Hippocrates plane tree can be spotted by inquisitive visitors directly over the passageway of the Nerantzia Castle and the Loggia Mosque. The fountain of the mosque bears an Arabic engraving with references to the "Water of Hippocrates". This tree is no less than 500 years of age and, as per the custom, it was planted by Hippocrates himself and he used to educate under its thick shade.
Mount Dikaio or Oromedon is the most noteworthy one in Kos with an elevation of 846 meters. An altar devoted to Zeus is placed on its peak and the area is believed to have been most likely occupied from the ancient period.
The Dodecanese islands in Greece are famous for their fabulous coastline and the splendous island of Kos is not exempt from this rule. Whether sandy, pebbled, crowded or more secluded, visitors are unlikely to remain passive to their allure. Mastihari beach is a 3 km long exotic coast with turquoise waters and white sand. Lambi beach is close to Kos Town and boasts an excellent infrastructure. Therma beach is the island’s natural spa, inspiring ultimate relaxation, while Agios Fokas beach is at only 10 minute distance from Kos Town, offering numerous fish taverns and an marvelous sunset view.
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